Prefab or prefabricated buildings, also referred to as modular building is a building prefabricated using many pieces. The prefabrication occurs offsite. The pieces are then transported to the construction site where the reassembly gets underway. Structures constructed using this method consist of numerous parts referred to as modules.
When these sections are assembled side-by-side, end-to-end, or stacked on top of each other, the end product resembles a sophisticated piece of architecture. An architectural piece you will easily find in most modern construction sites. You can integrate them into an existing structure as an add-on section or have them stand alone, thanks to their versatility.
Modular constructions are not very different from traditional constructions. The modular buildings use the same building codes, architectural specifications, and materials as other structures. However, they have factory-controlled conditions which means that they require less labor input to build resulting in less air pollution and fewer site disruptions.
Common Uses for Modular Construction
Modular construction is a technique whose popularity has continued to rise with each passing year. Some of its popular applications in today’s world include:
Buildings constructed using this technique are capable of complying with the strict sanitation requirements prevalent in the medical industry. The buildings can be added onto existing structures to assist in enhancing patient capacity. Contractors can also install them in remote locations in third world countries lacking sufficient medical care facilities.
It is what makes a modular building ideal for use in places such as disaster relief centers, refugee camps, and military bases. Clinics, clean rooms, and laboratories can easily be built and installed onto existing buildings. The add-ons can come with custom features such as special workstations, clean air and water, soundproofing to guarantee patient privacy, and load-bearing floors.
When no longer needed, they can easily get sent to another location after dismantling them.
Industrial and commercial modular office complexes can be constructed following any interior or exterior design favored by the client. The modular design concept makes it easier to blend the buildings with structures already in place. In some cases, clients can also decide to have the new modular buildings stand on their own.
The buyer may decide to go for a temporary, semi-temporary, or permanent building depending on their current housing needs. Popular applications for modular buildings include conference rooms, remote sales locations, administrative buildings, and interim company offices.
Additional uses for the industrial sector include motor control centers, pump houses, and restrooms.
Prefab buildings are considered to be the ideal solution for the education sector. Many school districts have recorded increased student enrolments, and given the limited space available in some facilities, the buildings can help serve as permanent classrooms. Alternatively, a school can choose to use them as a temporary fix as they look for a more permanent solution.
Daycarecenters and classrooms can come fully customized with entryways and ramps that fully comply with the UK Disability Discrimination Act. The structure could also get outfitted with special features such as wiring for audio and video projectors, soundproofing, noise-reducing ceilings, lockers, lab work, and computer equipment.
The possibilities are endless.
Today’s prefabricated houses are very different from past houses. A good example of how far modular housing has come can be seen by looking at the thirty-two story luxury apartment structure located in 461 Dean Street, Brooklyn, USA. It is by far the tallest modular residence to ever be constructed.
It was completed in 2016 and consists of 363 individual modular apartment units. It is a tower that clearly highlights the money and time this design can save developers. It also highlights how far the modular homes have come since the concept was developed.